If a network is not configured, it will inherit configuration from its parent network by default. You can create a config file or import a config file from other networks. If there is any captive portal template unavailable for the network, then you can not import the config file.
The Basic page displays Wireless Configuration, Security, and Advanced Settings.
Click + in the upper left corner to add an SSID. In addition, the SSID page further enables you to configure the rate limit and the authentication function. Parameters on the SSID page are defined as follows.
WLAN ID: Select a WLAN ID. An SSID matches a WLAN ID one-to-one. The WLAN ID can be specified only when an SSID is added and cannot be changed subsequently. The maximum value of WLAN ID is 32.
SSID: Enter an SSID name.
Encryption Mode: Four modes are available: OPEN, WPA-PSK, WPA2-PSK AND WPA2-ENTERPRISE (802.1X). OPEN indicates that no password needs to be configured; WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK indicates that a password needs to be configured. WPA2-Enterprise(802.1x) indicates that the 802.1x authentication mode is adopted for the SSID. After the 802.1x authentication mode is selected, the following page is displayed. PPSK indicates that each terminal device is bound with a unique WiFi account and key. After the PPSK mode is selected, you need to configure your account in CONFIGURATION>AUTHENTICATION>PPSK.
Click to add an authentication server. A dialog box for a Radius server configuration is displayed, as shown in the following figure.
Server IP, Authentication Port, Accounting Port, and Key can be configured for a RADIUS server. Authentication Port and Accounting Port are optional, and respectively set to the default values 1812 and 1813 if no values are entered. The jitter prevention function can be configured in 802.1x authentication mode, as shown in the SSID configuration page with Encryption Mode set to WPA2-Enterprise(802.1x). In case of jitters: after the jitter prevention function is enabled (the jitter prevention duration range is 0–600), clients will not go offline within the duration of jitter prevention. The default jitter prevention duration of an AP is 2 seconds. Note that the jitter prevention function may not be supported in earlier AP versions. In addition, the Advanced Settings function is provided for 802.1x authentication. In Advanced Settings, the NAS IP address (available in the NAT environment) and accounting update period can be configured and the added authentication server can be managed.
Hidden: Specify whether to hide the SSID, which can be set to Yes or No.
Forward Mode: Select a forward mode of a wireless AP. NAT indicates that an IP address is allocated to a client by an AP; Bridge indicates that an IP address is allocated to a client by an AP’s upstream device. A VLAN ID must be configured when the Bridge mode selected.
NAT Address Pool Configuration: Click the NAT Address Pool Configuration link to display the window.
5G-Prior Access: It is enabled when the SSID is associated with Radio 1 and Radio 2 for dual-band APs (2.4 GHz and 5 GHz) to ensure that clients supporting dual bands access the 5 GHz frequency band preferentially. This reduces the load in the 2.4 GHz frequency band and improves user experience.
Rate limit: Specify whether to enable the rate limit function for a client. When this function is enabled, uplink and downlink rates must be configured.
Auth: Common APs support External Portal and Captive Portal authentication.
1.2 External Portal
You can configure the External Portal when using an external authentication server.
Enable Auth and select External Portal. Enter correct information and click OK.
1.3 Captive Portal
You can configure the Captive Portal when using Ruijie Cloud for authentication.
1. On the SSID page, enable Auth and select Captive Portal.
2. Enable Seamless Online and select the portal.
1.4 Apartment WiFi
To configure different SSIDs for APs, enable Apartment WiFi in Basic > SSID > More.
The Radio page enables you to configure the AP radio ports. As shown in Figure 4-4, the Radio page provides the On/Off and Max Clients items. Parameters on the Radio page are defined as follows:
On/Off: Specify whether to enable the radio function. When it is set to Off, the SSID is invalid; the corresponding SSID can be used properly only when this function is set to On.
Max Clients: Enter the upper limit of associated clients in a frequency band.
Deletion of radio configurations indicates that the system preserves the current configurations.
1.6 Security Configuration
As shown in the preceding figure, Web Password, Telnet Settings, Client Isolation, and Wireless Intrusion Detection can be configured.
Web Password: Enter the Web login password of an AP. When the password is empty, the system does not push the password to AP.
Telnet Settings: Enable the Telnet service of AP. When the Telnet service is enabled, the password is required.
Client Isolation: Clients are isolated without affecting their network access to ensure that they cannot communicate with each other, thereby ensuring client service security. AP-based client isolation or AP&SSID-based client isolation can be selected. If AP-based client isolation is enabled, all layer-2 clients associated with the same AP cannot communicate with each other. If AP&SSID-based client isolation is enabled, clients in the same WLAN on the same AP cannot communicate with each other.
Wireless Intrusion Attack Detection: Include DDOS attack detection, flooding attack detection, AP spoof attack detection, and weak IV attack detection. If this function is enabled, at least one of the preceding four detection functions needs to be enabled.
1.7 Advanced Settings
AP RF Scheduling:
If AP RF Scheduling is disabled, AP will broadcast the SSID
To specify the time of turning on/off WiFi, enable RF Shutdown Scheduling and configure the period.
Whitelist: Enter whitelisted websites, and websites that can be accessed directly without authentication. For Facebook social login, you need check on Facebook Whitelist so that clients can access Facebook API before authentication.
CLI Command: Enter commands to be pushed to APs. This function allows you to perform some configurations unsupported via CLI commands.
On the Layout page, you can bind an AP to a specific location after importing it to a network.
The Unbound Device List on the right displayeds APs that have been imported to the network, but are not bound to a location. Click Config Layout to display the list.
Click Add Layout to add the local layout or map layout. The local layout can be used to bind the location of indoor APs and the map layout can be used to bind the location of outdoor APs.
Select an AP from in the unbound AP list and drag it to the target location.
2.1 Unbinding APs
AP unbinding is different from AP deletion. AP unbinding removes the binding relation between an AP and a location, but the AP still exists in the network and can be managed. AP deletion deletes an AP from a network and the AP cannot be controlled after being deleted.
The AP unbinding methods are:
Method 1: Select an AP, and click to unbind the AP from a location. An unbound AP will then be moved from a network to its parent network.
Method 2: If a location is already bound with an AP, you can drag another AP to the location to replace the old one.
3. Radio Planning
Radio planning can adjust channels and power of APs in the same area to optimize the channel allocation and power of the APs. Proper RF configuration planning can reduce channel interference, increase channel utilization and improve overall wireless performance and capacity.
Select CONFIGURATION > WIRELESS > Radio Planning to enter the Radio planning page. Both manual and automatic planning are currently supported.
3.1 Radio Settings
On the Radio Settings page, select the country and Channel Width.
For 2.4G channels, the bandwidth can be 20 or 40 MHz.
For 5G channels, the bandwidth can be 20, 40, 80, or 160 MHz.
3.2 Smart RRM
The automatic RF planning function allows Cloud to calculate the optimal channel configurations and power values for APs by using the radio resource management (RRM) algorithm according to RF information collected by each AP. Optimal recommended configurations can be applied to the APs.
The entire process of the automatic RF planning includes three parts:
1. Cloud triggers APs to scan and upload RF information.
2. Cloud calculates the optimal recommended configurations.
3. The optimal recommended configurations are applied to the APs.
The automatic RF planning supports network-based planning only.
The AP RF channel optimization algorithm staggers RF channels of neighboring APs respectively based on the 2.4 GHz frequency band and the 5 GHz frequency band while ensuring as much as possible that original configurations are unchanged. To reach optimal power, The AP power optimization algorithm automatically increases or decreases the RF power for an AP according to the co-channel interference.
After a network is selected on the RF planning page, a page for automatic RF scanning and planning of the network is displayed. On this page, the APs of a network can be triggered to scan the RF, display recommended RF configurations calculated after scanning, and save the recommended RF configurations to APs.
The Recent RF Scan History page displays historical records of automatic RF scanning and planning. Each record shows triggering information got each time, including the automatic RF planning status, the start time, the end time, the status (Initializing/Scanning/RRM analysis/Finish/Failure), whether to apply to the APs, and the running logs.
l Smart RRM
There are two execution modes: immediate and periodic. Click Scan Now, and Cloud starts RF scanning. Data will be uploaded after scanning.
l Schedule Settings
On the Schedule Settings page, Periodic Execution can be enabled.
When a periodic task is triggered, this periodic task is automatically canceled if the network is already in a scanning triggered state (for example, immediate execution is being triggered).
l Related parameters
(1) Scan Mode
Quick Scan: This mode enables APs to provide the WiFi service properly during scanning. However, data acquired in this mode is not as accurate as that in the Deep Scan mode. The calculation result based on the data in this mode is less accurate than that in the Deep Scan mode. This mode is applied when it is expected that the current network is not affected.
Deep Scan: This mode is also referred to as the enhanced mode, and causes wireless clients to go offline at the beginning and ending of the scanning. Data acquired in this mode is more accurate than that in the Quick Scan mode, and the automatic RF planning based on the data is more accurate. This mode shall be applied at the initial stage of the overall network planning or when disadvantages of this mode are tolerable.
(2) Sync to Device
If this function is enabled, the RF scanning result will be automatically pushed to the AP. In this case, skip step 3.
(3) Manually push the RF optimization results (synchronize the RF configurations to the APs).
Skip this step if Sync to Device is enabled.
After the status in the record of the triggered RF planning displays Finish, check the planning results, and synchronize the recommended automatic planning RF configurations to the APs.
It allows you to directly view RF optimization results, and directly push the optimized configurations to APs of a network, without relying on the location planning. It is convenient and suitable for fast deployment, and can be used when the APs have no location planning or are not bound.
(4) Click Recent RF Scan History in the list to display the automatic RF planning result list of the APs.
In the RF optimization result list of the APs, Recommended Power indicates a recommended power value for the current channel. Recommended Signal Power indicates a recommended power value for the recommended channel. It is calculated based on the recommended channel, and is configured together with the recommended channel.
(5) Click in the trigger record, and select a mode to push the recommended optimization configurations to the corresponding APs.
Three modes are available: pushing the recommended channel configurations, pushing the recommended power configurations of the current channel, and pushing the recommended power configurations of the recommended channel. Any of the three modes can be selected as required.
If an AP has been bound to a location and has been synchronized with RF configurations of the location. This operation will remove the RF synchronization between the location and the AP, and push the selected recommended optimization configurations to the AP.
3.3 Manual Planning
You can also manually configure the RF of a network. First, select a network to open the Manual Planning page. You can select a radio type (2.4 GHz/5 GHz) in the Radio Select drop-down list. The number inside the location icon indicates the current channel, and the power percentage is displayed when you point to the location icon.
The RF channel or power data is not displayed during configuration.
Click a location icon to display the RF channel and power configurations on the right. If the location is bound to an AP, the SN of the bound AP is also displayed.
To perform manual RF planning:
1. Set the RF configurations of a location in one of the following ways:
l Configure one location
Click a location icon, configure parameters on the right, and click Apply.
l Configure locations in batches
This function is used to configure the RF channel and power for a large batch of locations, and is suitable for a scenario with many locations on a network.
Click above the location diagram to configure the power percentage for all locations of a network.
2. Synchronize the RF configurations of the location to a bound AP.
Click above the location diagram to synchronize the RF configurations of the corresponding location to the bound AP.
Batch operations for multiple locations can be select before clicking .
After the synchronization is successful, is displayed in the lower right corner. At this point, the configurations of the location are synchronized to the bound AP.
If the Bind or Unbind operation is performed, RF configurations are synchronized to or removed form the AP.
3.4 AC Smart RRM
In the AC network, click Radio Planning to open the Smart RRM page.
Check "I have read the above note", and click to start RRM. The whole process takes about 10 to 15 minutes.
Enable Scheduled RRM to configure the time, and RRM will start at the set time.
Roaming planning refers to enabling network-based roaming.
L3 Roaming: You can seamlessly connect to APs with different VLANS. It is enables by default.
L2 InVLAN Tunnel Forwarding: You can seamlessly connect to APs with the same VLAN. It is enabled by default.
For wireless roaming, SSID signals must be consistent; otherwise, roaming may fail.
Bluetooth configuration functions include Bluetooth configuration import, configuration adding for a single AP, configuration modification, and configuration deletion, as shown in the following figure:
l Import Bluetooth Configuration in Batches
Click Import, and click Download Template to download the template corresponding to APs in the current network and set corresponding parameters in the file. Requirements for the UUID, Major, and Minor parameters are:
UUID: Enter a string of 32 characters in hexadecimal format.
Major: Enter a string of 4 characters in hexadecimal format.
Minor: Enter a string of 4 characters in hexadecimal format.
After the parameters filled, click '.xls' File to import the file.
l Add Bluetooth Configuration for an AP
Click Add, enter the parameters as required to add a Bluetooth configuration for one AP and click Save. If a Bluetooth configuration is already configured for the AP, the existing Bluetooth configuration will be updated.
l Edit Bluetooth Configuration modification for an AP
Click the icon in the Action column, edit the parameters and click Save.
6. Load Balance
The AP load is imbalanced as the distribution of clients is uneven. As a result, the user experience of clients who are associated with heavily loaded AP may be affected. To solve the problem, you can create a load balancing group to evenly distribute clients across APs to enhance the user experience. Please note that load balance is only supported on RAPs in the network with Reyee EG.
There are two types of load balancing policies: Client Load Balancing and Traffic Load Balancing.
Client Load Balancing: When the difference of client number between 2 APs reaches the threshold, the AP with heavy load will deny the association of a new client, and the client can only associate with another AP in the group. After the number of client association is denied for the specified times, it will be allowed to associate with the AP upon the next attempt.
Traffic Load Balancing: When the difference of AP traffic load between 2 APs reaches the threshold, the AP with heavy load will deny the association of new client, and the client can only associate with another AP in the group. After the number of client association is denied for the specified times, it will be allowed to associate with the AP upon the next attempt.
After a load balancing group is added, you can delete it or edit its configuration.
You can change the parameters of balancing policy and the APs in group. Please note that an AP can only be added to a load balancing group.